|1. Prevention||Actions taken to stop an emergency or disaster from occurring.||
By-laws to prevent the transport of materials through residential and educational neighbourhoods.
|2. Mitigation||Actions taken to reduce the adverse impacts of an emergency or disaster.||
The construction of storm sewers to prevent flooding.
|3. Preparedness||Actions taken prior to an emergency or disaster to ensure an effective response.||
Preparing a: Personal / Family Emergency Kit
|4. Response||The provision of emergency services and public assistance or intervention during or immediately after an incident in order to protect people, property, the environment, the economy and/or services.||First responders working to control a chemical spill.|
|5. Recovery||The process of restoring a stricken community to a pre-disaster level of functioning.||Rebuilding destroyed property and repairing critical infrastructure (e.g., bridges).|